Lorenzano is located on the northern edge of the Capolona territory and is made up of a charming cluster of houses, almost like a crest, on a conical hill. Its name echoes a Roman name, although there are hypotheses of Etruscan settlements. It is certain that it was an important medieval site, with the first mention dating back to 1089. In a document from 1154, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa confirmed the monks' ownership of Lorenzano's possessions. In the following years, the castle was owned by the Tarlati and Bostoli families before becoming the property of the Florentines. Recent studies seem to attribute the birth of Giovanni Tortelli to Lorenzano.